Auch die Unterwelt von Japan beherbergt eine Mafia: Die Yakuza. Die japanische Mafia erklären wir Ihnen einfach in diesem Praxistipp. Über die Frauen der Yakuza ist wenig bekannt. Eine aktive Rolle spielen sie in der japanischen Mafia-Organisation nicht, ihre grossflächigen. Japan-Experte Tetsu Tanimura beschreibt die Entstehung und die aktuelle Lage der Yakuza in Japan.
Die Yakuza – Portrait einer einst mächtigen OrganisationHeutzutage sind die Yakuza ein Tabu, über das man in Japan nicht gerne spricht. Viele Japaner sehen sie als einen Schandfleck auf der stolzen. Mord mit Sturmgewehr schockiert Japan. Ein japanischer Yakuza-Führer wird in einem Bandenkrieg niedergemäht. Es ist ein rarer Fall in einem. Seit ist in Japan das sichtbare Bekenntnis zu einem kumi strafbar, was die modernen Yakuza in einigen Teilen des Landes immer mehr zur Arbeit im.
Japan Yakuza Navigation menu VideoYakuza gang celebrating in Asakusa
Wenn Sie nach Beantwortung dieser Fragen ein positives GefГhl haben Joyclub Bewertung sich weiterhin? - Weiterführende ArtikelImmer wieder kommt es in politischen und wirtschaftlichen Kreisen zu Skandalen, weil führende Politiker und Unternehmer — unter Kreis Spiel auch aus der regierenden LDP — enge Verbindungen zu Verbrechersyndikaten unterhielten.
As of [update] , the Yakuza series includes eight main games, released in chronological order with the exception of the prequel Yakuza 0 , with each new installment following the events of the previous title.
There are also several spin-off titles. One, Kenzan! The storytelling of the series is inspired by yakuza films , one of the most popular cinematic genres in Japan.
The stories of the first two games in the series were supervised by novelist Hase Seishu , a writer of crime fiction. The main story is presented in chapters, much like Kinji Fukasaku 's classic yakuza movie Sympathy for the Underdog and is expanded upon with around a hundred subplots per game.
The depth this provides leads to the series having a large cast of characters, including many which recur in minor roles. The game was released in Japan and Asia on March 6, It was initially scheduled for Japanese release on March 17, ,  but the release was delayed to June 9, following the Tohoku earthquake on March 11, The game was released in Japan on February 22, ,  and worldwide on October 2, Kazuma Kiryu appears as an equippable DLC skin, while other Yakuza characters make minor cameo appearances.
Judgment , known in Japan as Judge Eyes: Shinigami no Yuigon , is a legal thriller set in the same world as Yakuza , and follows private detective Takayuki Yagami , who investigates a serial murder case in Kamurocho.
The game employs a fighting system similar to the one from Yakuza 0 where players can change into different styles. Additionally, it features an investigation mode where the player has to find traces of the criminal.
It was released for PlayStation 4 on December 13, , with a Western release following in June Streets of Kamurocho is a side scrolling beat 'em up minigame inspired by the Streets of Rage series.
The minigame was developed by Empty Clip Studios and was available on Microsoft Windows via Steam between October , , as part of Sega's 60th anniversary celebration.
A high-definition remaster of the first two games in the series was released in Japan on November 1, for PlayStation 3. The remake also adds new story chapters that feature Goro Majima as a playable character, continuing stories of his that were previously established in Yakuza 0.
A compilation rerelease, titled The Yakuza Remastered Collection , was announced and released digitally in English-speaking territories on August 20, for the PlayStation 4.
The collection contains the remastered versions of Yakuza 3 , Yakuza 4 , and Yakuza 5 , which were released in Japan individually between and The remasters feature re-translated game scripts and content removed from the original English releases restored,  though some content was removed from all versions, such as a set of missions in Yakuza 3 featuring a transphobic character depiction.
A physical release containing all three games was released alongside Yakuza 5 with a collectible PlayStation 3 styled case for Yakuza 5 , which came out digitally in the west.
Toshihiro Nagoshi brought his story for Yakuza to scenario writer Hase Seishu two years before the game started development. Seishu had been a video game player since the days of Space Invaders , but over the past four or five years he had lost interest, as he was less concerned with 3D visuals and gameplay than he was with story.
Yakuza caught his attention though, and he decided to accept the project even though it came at the busiest point of his professional writing career.
Nagoshi wanted players to get enjoyment from merely walking through Kamurocho. Touching upon the game's name, Nagoshi revealed that it was his concoction.
The series is known for its expanding video game tie-in and product placement. An example of this is the Don Quijote discount store, whose in-game stores are based on the stores in the equivalent real-life districts.
This strategy allows to support the game's costly production and at the same time gives a realistic aspect to the environments which are based on real locations in Tokyo, Osaka and Naha.
They would harass and extort money from peasants. When this became unprofitable, they moved to cities and offered their services as thugs and bruisers.
This samurai spirit is still alive in some of the rituals of the Yakuza. The members are also supposed to strictly follow the code of the samurai.
The Aizukotetsu-kai in Kyoto established around is considered the longest-existing Yakuza society. The Yamaguchi-gumi is the largest with about 9, members today.
But the majority of their income still comes from illegal activities. But recent laws have restricted their activities significantly.
In , a law was passed that made it illegal for Yakuza to be involved in legitimate businesses. In , ordinances were passed that included hefty penalties for those who pay off Yakuza or do business with them.
The government in Fukuoka set up a program that offered financial assistance to Yakuza members who want to get out of their gangs and get legitimate jobs.
In the s, the Yakuza membership peaked at about , Now, there are only about 39, members. Some organizations are said to find it hard to pay the wages of their members.
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Share on facebook. Share on twitter. Share on pinterest. Members have even been called upon to perform public functions, as when a yakuza force was assembled to serve as a security force during a visit by U.
Dwight Eisenhower although the visit ultimately did not occur. Yakuza are viewed by some Japanese as a necessary evil, in light of their chivalrous facade, and the organizational nature of their crime is sometimes viewed as a deterrent to impulsive individual street crime.
The Japanese government subsequently continued to impose stricter laws against criminal groups into the 21st century.
Yakuza Article Additional Info. Print Cite. The war was eventually won by the Yamaguchi-gumi, as they had more members. By the end, however, 36 were killed and many more were injured.
I hope you found this article interesting and learnt some new facts about the Yakuza. Alex is a graduate of photography from London. He has a strong interest in visual arts and culture.
Alex is half Japanese and has a great knowledge of Japan, having spent several years living there, visiting many parts of the country.
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Tattoos One of the most well-known ways that a Yakuza stands out is through their full-body tattoos , made up of many intricate drawings.
Yubitsume Yakuza members that disobey or bring shame to the organisation are forced to atone in an extremely brutal way — by chopping off a part of their finger.
Yakuza Relief Efforts Although the Yakuza have a poor reputation as a criminal organisation, there are also times when they come to aid in times of panic.
Initiation Ritual Honour and status are very important in the Yakuza, with recruits, kobun child role required to take a subservient role, to one of the higher-ranked members, known as oyabun father role.
Corporate Blackmail Sokaiya is the name given to a form of bribery practised by the Yakuza. Wikimedia Commons A member of the Yakuza inside of an illegal Toba casino.
And in those groups, the first Yakuza were born. It was more than just profitable. It won them respect.
At this point in Japanese history, this was deeply significant. It meant that these men were being granted the same honors as nobility. The series has been successful, spawning sequels, spin-offs, a live action movie , and a web TV series.
Grand Theft Auto III features a Yakuza clan that assists the protagonist in the second and third act after they cut their ties with the Mafia.
The Yakuza derive most of their income from a casino, Kenji's, and are currently fighting to keep other gangs from peddling drugs in their territory while seeking to protect their activities from police interference.
Towards the end of the third act, the player assassinates the leader of the clan, and the other members are later executed by Colombian gangsters.
Hitman 2: Silent Assassin features a mission set in Japan that sees Agent 47 assassinating the son of a wealthy arms dealer during his dinner meeting with a Yakuza boss at his private estate.
A mission in a later game, Hitman , set at a secluded mountaintop hospital, features a notorious Yakuza lawyer and fixer as one of two targets to be assassinated.
Several manga by Ryoichi Ikegami are located in the middle of the Japanese underworld:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Members of traditional transnational organized crime syndicates in Japan. For other uses, see Yakuza disambiguation.
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Da Capo Press. Culture Trip. Last modified 31 October Last modified 17 April9/5/ · “Japan’s ageing population is a factor, of course, but the yakuza scene is no longer an attractive proposition for young men,” Tomohiko Suzuki, an author and expert on the yakuza, told the. Yakuza Exam To join the Yamaguchi-gumi, which is the largest Yakuza organisation in Japan, members have to sit a page exam. The Yamaguchi-gumi created the exam after the government passed harsher laws to crackdown on organized crime. Yakuza is the most well known gang in Japan, but there are also youth groupings, and the Bosokozu, usually identifiable by their motorcycles or customized cars (Kersten, J. (3), ). Surprisingly many people in society don't mind the presence of yakuza, because of their charitable work. In Japan and elsewhere, especially in the West, the term yakuza can be used to refer to individual gangsters or criminals as well as to their organized groups and to Japanese organized crime in general. Yakuza adopt samurai -like rituals and often bear elaborate body tattoos. Inside The Yakuza, The Year-Old Japanese Criminal Syndicate The Yakuza aren't just the "Japanese Mafia." They're something entirely different — an organization tied to years of Japanese history. Kan Phongjaroenwit/Flickr Three members of the Yakuza show off their full-body tattoos in Tokyo. The yakuza originated during the Tokugawa Shogunate ( - ) with two separate groups of outcasts. The first of those groups were the tekiya, wandering peddlers who traveled from village to village, selling low-quality goods at festivals and markets. In recent years, foreign reporters in Tokyo have written about the decline of Japanese organized crime – the yakuza – owing to the passage of new anti-yakuza regulations. They’ve predicted the eventual fading away of the country’s unique criminal subculture. Encyclopedia Britannica says some Japanese people see the yakuza as a "necessary evil." The idea is that the organized and controlling nature of the group acts as a "deterrent to impulsive individual street crime." In other words, in a crazy, twisted way, the yakuza help keep the Japanese crime rate low.